The month of Ramadan is the month most awaited by Muslims throughout the archipelago. In this holy month, all Muslim communities around the world will fast simultaneously for 30 days. Of course, when this special month comes to an end, many ways are done by Muslims to prepare themselves for entering the month of Shawwal and celebrating Eid al-Fitr, one of which is by holding the Takbiran Night.
Thanks to the diversity of tribes and cultures in Indonesia, each region has its own uniqueness in celebrating the Takbiran Night. Curious as to how unique the Takbiran Night traditions are in various regions? Check out the summary of five unique Takbiran Night traditions in Indonesia!
Grebeg Syawal, Yogyakarta
The tradition which is held on the 1st of Shawwal or in conjunction with Eid al-Fitr is a tradition that has been held for generations around the Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Palace area. During the Grebeg Syawal celebration, the soldiers of the Palace will bring seven Gunungans containing crops which will later be distributed to the community.
The seven Gunungans will be released to be contested by the people in the North Square. This tradition which is an acculturation of the cultural traditions and traditions of the ancestors has the meaning that the produce of the land provides blessings and benefits for many people and is a form of the sultan’s generosity to his people.
Carbide Cannon, Pontianak
Not only on the island of Java, the night of Takbiran is also celebrated in Pontianak, West Kalimantan. The tradition that has been carried out for a long time and is held in the form of a festival is held along the Kapuas River and is attended by the people of Pontianak in droves. The Karbit Cannon tradition was originally carried out by lighting giant cannons on the night before Eid al-Fitr, but the latest regional regulations call for this celebration to be carried out three days before and three days after Eid.
The cannons lit at the Carbide Cannon Festival are about four to seven meters long and made of meranti wood. The weight of each cannon can reach 500 kilograms and is decorated with various attractive colors and patterns. A total of 150 cannons were lit at the Carbide Cannon festival — producing a loud sound and often inviting the curiosity of residents to participate in the festival.
Ronjok Sayak, Bengkulu
The tradition which is celebrated on the 27th night of the month of Ramadan is a tradition carried out by the Serawai tribal community in Bengkulu. In practice, this tradition is held by arranging coconut shells in a mountain like a satay, then burning together.
Burning coconut shells that are arranged to reach a height of one meter is considered an expression of gratitude to God and a message of prayer for families who have passed away.
Meugang is one of the annual traditions carried out by the people of Aceh before entering the Eid and Eid al-Fitr holidays. This tradition was born during the Kingdom of Aceh, which was around 1607-1636 AD. At that time, Sultan Iskandar Muda slaughtered animals in large numbers and distributed the meat to all the people of Aceh as an expression of gratitude and a sign of gratitude to his people.
Meugang is done by cooking large amounts of meat and eating it with family, relatives, and orphans. Cooked meat is also often distributed to the mosque to be eaten by the community, so that everyone can feel happiness through alms and togetherness.
The Tumbilotohe tradition has existed since 1525, which is the year Islam entered and became the official religion of the Gorontalo Kingdom during the reign of Sultan Amai. The tradition, which is held every 27th night of the month of Ramadan, is carried out by putting torches together while walking towards the mosque.
The torch used in the Tumbilotohe tradition is made of resin and is called ‘Tohetutu’. Then Tohetutu was plugged in front of the mosque and the streets leading to the mosque, so that it illuminates the road that residents often pass when they want to go to the mosque.
How unique are the celebrations carried out by Muslims in various regions in welcoming Eid? This tradition that has been carried out for generations needs to be preserved as a form of the cultural diversity of the people in Indonesia.
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